Today he is considered one of the most important figures in Spanish literature , and is considered by some as the most read writer after Miguel de Cervantes. He was associated with the romanticism and post-romanticism movements and wrote while realism was enjoying success in Spain. He was moderately well known during his life, but it was after his death that most of his works were published. His best known works are the Rhymes and the Legends, usually published together as Rimas y leyendas. These poems and tales are essential to the study of Spanish literature and common reading for high-school students in Spanish-speaking countries.
His work approached the traditional poetry and themes in a modern way, and he is considered the founder of modern Spanish lyricism. His paintings were sought after, particularly among tourists visiting the area. He was very talented, and continued drawing throughout his life, though it was never his main focus.
Young Gustavo began his education at San Antonio Abad school, until he was admitted as a student of San Telmo school in , a nautical institution. It was at that school where he met Narciso Campillo, with whom he built a strong friendship. A year later, the school was closed by royal order.
Gustavo and his siblings were then taken in by their uncle, Don Juan de Vargas, who cared for the children as if they were his own. During this period, Campillo remembers that the poet barely left his godmother's house, as he spent hours devouring the volumes of her library. Gustavo's godmother, a well-educated person and also well-to-do, supported his passion for study of the arts and history. Gustavo worked at the studio for only two years, when he moved to his uncle Joaquin's studio and continued developing his skills alongside his brother Valeriano , who was already studying there.
Gustavo and Valeriano became from this point very close friends, and they both influenced each other greatly throughout their lives. Luciano, another brother of the poet, also studied with them during this period.
Studying the art of drawing did not distract Gustavo from his passion for poetry; furthermore, his uncle Joaquin paid for his Latin classes, which brought him closer to his beloved Horace , one of his earliest influences. In , at the age of seventeen, he moved to Madrid to follow his dream of making a name for himself as a poet. Along with his friends Narciso Campillo and Julio Nombela, both poets also, they had dreamed of moving to Madrid together and selling their poetry for good money, though reality proved to be quite different.
Nombela was the first to leave for Madrid that year, alongside his family. The third friend, Campillo, did not leave Seville until some time later. Life in Madrid was not easy for the poet.
The dream of fortune that had guided his steps towards the city were replaced by a reality of poverty and disillusionment. The three began writing and trying to make themselves known as authors, without much luck. A year later, in , he moved to Toledo with his brother Valeriano, a lovely place in which he was able to write his book: "History of the Spanish temples".
The poet died on the December 22, from tuberculosis, an illness known as "the romantic illness" because of how common it was during the romantic period in Spain. His body was buried in Madrid, and afterwards was moved to Seville along with his brother's. After several failed commercial attempts with his friends, the writer finally accepted a job as a writer for a small newspaper. This, however, did not last long, and soon Gustavo was out of a job again.
It was then that, in , Valeriano arrived in Madrid, and Gustavo went to live with his brother. They would never be apart after that. This collaboration continued until This love, however, was unrequited. The poet was not happy in the marriage, and took any chance he got to follow his brother Valeriano on his constant trips.
The third child was possibly fruit of the extramarital relations of Casta. From this government job he was able to get his brother Valeriano a government pension as an art painter of "Spanish regional folk costumes and traditions". During this period, the poet concentrated on finishing his compilations of poems Rimas Rhymes and Libro de los gorriones Book of the Sparrows , so he did not publish a great deal of his works. It was at this time that the poet left Spain for Paris, although he returned not long after.
By , the poet and his brother went back to Madrid together, along with Gustavo's sons. Gustavo was, by then, living a bohemian life, as his friends later described. Valeriano also collaborated with this project.
Gustavo's publications in this magazine consisted mostly of short texts to accompany his brother's illustrations. Around this time, between and , the two brothers published a book of satiric and erotic illustrations under a pseudonym, which humorously critiqued the life of royalty in Spain, called Los Borbones en pelotas. In , Valeriano fell ill and died on September This had a terrible impact on Gustavo, who suffered a serious depression as a result. After publishing a few short works in the magazine, the poet also became gravely ill and died in poverty in Madrid, on December 22, almost three months after his beloved brother.
The cause of death is debated: while his friends described symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis , a later study indicates that he may have died of liver complications. The first edition of their effort was published in , and a second volume was published six years later.
Further revisions came out on the editions released in , , and Hoffmann , and as a poet he has analogies with Heine. His work is unfinished and unequal, but it is singularly free from the rhetoric characteristic of his native Andalusia , and its lyrical ardor is of a beautiful sweetness and sincerity.
It is not so well known that he was an excellent graphic artist. Most of his work concentrated on spontaneity of love and the solitude of nature. The dark swallows will return their nests upon your balcony, to hang.
And again with their wings upon its windows, Playing, they will call. But those who used to slow their flight your beauty and my happiness to watch, Those, that learned our names, Those In Rhymes Rhyme 21 Becquer wrote one of the most famous poems in the Spanish language. The poem can be read as a response to a lover who asked what was poetry:.
What is poetry? What is poetry! And you are asking me? The Legends are a variety of romantic tales. As the name implies, most have a legendary tone. Others cover more or less normal events from a romantic view, like The Moonlight Ray and Three Dates. He also wrote some narrative pieces in prose, "Narraciones", which are loaded with imagination and implausibility, such as "Memorias de un Pavo" Memoirs of a Turkey in which, as the title implies, he describes the trip of a turkey from its home farm to the city, and its purchase to be eaten, when its writings are discovered inside the already cooked body.
Cambridge University Press. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Spanish poet and writer. Not to be confused with Gustavo Adolfo Becker.
This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. October Learn how and when to remove this template message. El caudillo de las manos rojas , La vuelta del combate , Continued: El caudillo de las manos rojas.
La cruz del diablo , La ajorca de oro , Los ojos verdes , Creed en Dios , El rayo de luna , El Miserere , Tres fechas , El Cristo de la calavera , El gnomo , La cueva de la mora , La promesa , La corza blanca , El beso , El aderezo de las esmeraldas , La venta de los gatos , Un boceto del natural , Un lance pesado.
Memorias de un pavo , Las hojas secas. La voz del silencio , , Released by Fernando Iglesias Figueroa. La fe salva , , Released by Fernando Iglesias Figueroa. La mujer de piedra , Unfinished.